J. Mielikainen, “LSB Matching Revisited,” IEEE Signal Processing Letters, Vol. 13 , No. 5, , pp. doi/LSP LSB Image steganography is highly efficient in storing a large amount of [1] J. Mielikainen, “LSB matching revisited,” IEEE Signal Process. Lett., vol. 13, no. LSB matching revisited. Authors: Mielikainen, J. Publication: IEEE Signal Processing Letters, vol. 13, issue 5, pp. Publication Date: 05/ Origin.

Author: Kajicage Bralkree
Country: Latvia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Music
Published (Last): 9 August 2009
Pages: 284
PDF File Size: 14.44 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.87 Mb
ISBN: 441-3-59474-933-3
Downloads: 89114
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mazuzshura

LSB matching revisited – Semantic Scholar

May 02, ; Accepted: Steganalysis based on difference statistics for LSB matching steganography. Matchiny most popular, j.mielikainen.ls used and easy to implement steganographic method is the Least Significant Bit LSB steganography. There is now substantial literature on LSB replacement such as Fridrich et al. To improve the performance in detecting LSB matching steganography in grayscale images, based on the previous work Image complexity and feature mining for steganalysis of least significant bit matching steganography Liu et al.

Experimental results show Fig. This seemingly innocent modification of the LSB embedding is significantly harder to detect, because the pixel values are no longer paired. Feature selection for image steganalysis using hybrid genetic algorithm. SVM parameters from the rate-specific classifiers e.

Although a number of features have j.miwlikainen.lsb found out, they are revisitedd effective enough to have desirable accuracy for most embedding schemes. In particular, it is false for JPEG images which have been even slightly modified by image processing operations such as re-sizing, because that each colour has a number of its possible neighbours occurring in the cover image.

Steganalysis based on statistical characteristic of adjacent pixels for LSB steganography. The experimental results demonstrate that the histogram extrema method has substantially better performance.


To begin with, we described the structure of LSB matching steganalysis, which includes three parts, namely, LSB matching steganography, detectors for LSB matching and the evaluation methodology. A novel steganalysis of lsb matching based on kernel fda in grayscale j.mielikainen.osb. The results of detection are shown in Fig.

However, researches show that the improved performance of image steganalysis is achieved at the expense of increasing the number of the features.

LSB matching revisited

At the same time, Holotyak et al. We get an image A xy by combining the least two significant bit-planes as follows:. In the experimental work, a global detector that is trained using images with several steganographic embedding rates.

They divide the summed pixel intensities by four and take the integer part to reach images with the same range of values as the originals. Principal feature selection and fusion method for image steganalysis.

J.miflikainen.lsb, the detection accuracies of the existing methods are not enough, especially for the case of low embedding ratio. The distortion due to non-adaptive LSB matching is modeled as an additive i.

For a given image, Huang et al.

When the embedding ratio is low, how to detect the existence of the secret message reliably is a difficult problem. However, if the datasets are JPEG compressed with a quality factor of 80, the high frequency noise is removed and the histogram extrema method performs worse. This paper has 1, citations. Through embedding a random sequence by LSB matching and computing the alteration rate of the number of elements in T1, j.midlikainen.lsb find that normally the alteration rate is higher in cover image than the value in the corresponding stego image, which is used as the discrimination rule in their detector.

A review on blind detection for image steganography. Nowadays, image blind steganalysis is still challenging in many aspects. It is important to have confidence in steganography detectors. For the detectors, we classified the existing various methods to two categories, described briefly their principles and introduced their detailed algorithms.


This imbalance in the embedding distortion was recently utilized to detect secret messages. Citations Publications citing this paper. The sum of the absolute differences between the local maximums and their j.mielkiainen.lsb in a cover image histogram is denoted as S max. New blind steganalysis and its implications. The sums of DNPs with the value of zero and that with the value larger than one are denoted as F 1 and F 2respectively.

And the existing j.mieli,ainen.lsb steganalysis are far from being applied in reality. Finally, study concluded and discussed some important problems in this field and indicated some interesting directions that may be worth researching in the future. Detecting hidden messages using higher-order statistical models. Harmsen and Pearlman proposed a steganalysis method using the Histogram Characteristic Function HCF as a feature to distinguish the cover and stego images.

This detector is, in most cases, a large step up in sensitivity from the others discussed here. How to distinguish the image modified by normal image processing operation or steganography is a new challenge for steganalyzers. Information Technology Journal, 9: This method has superior results when the images contain high-frequency noise, e. A diagram for the fusing SVM is shown in Fig. Identifying the matchkng modified by steganography or normally processing operation.

For the detectors, study classified the existing various methods to two categories, described briefly their principles and introduced their detailed algorithms.